ארד שרון מרצה בטכניון, חיפה -בכנס בינלאומי לאדריכלות בתי חולים במאה ה-21 שנערך ב-11.10.12. / 16/10/2012|
" Hospitals & hospitality"
Florence nightingale "the eminent Victorian" was treating her patients 150 years ago in a dreadful environment.
She missed the revolution in Hospital Architecture –a field that has become one of the most attractive and challenging to the creative artistic architect
We know now that good Architecture actually can help in the healing process.
No more crowded spaces! Instead ,we create 5 star hotel conditions in the hospitalization rooms that we now design for 2 or even one patient.
We design spacious rooms with large glass curtain walls windows to allow maximum & essential relation with the view of the world outside. A good healing atmosphere is achieved.
The "renaissance like competition between the MC's –in relation to who will build the most beautiful & inspiring buildings- create a win win situation. A talented Architect can now erect dream like structures which are beneficial both to the patients & the Medical staff.
As Architects –we are very lucky to create in this positive atmosphere- we have a chance to build & design in truth- to inspire with our imagination& to create inventive hospitals.
I hope to share some of our buildings in this pacha kucha presentation.
Even a surreal sense of humor is appreciated –like locating a billiard table in a reception space.
Experimentation in the design of the old style hospitalization room is achieved by locating the bathroom inside the room which allows us to have clear facades.
My talk is about 4 key questions with 100 images in 10 minutes.
Are Concepts and Themes Essential in Hospital Design?
A coherent idea is a most powerful and significant tool that an Architect can employ- this is vital to the success of the building- and can help dramatically as a safeguard vis a vis all the many attempts to change the essential & original design by many unpredictable constraints.
Inspiration and visualization of the totality of the finished product is in the talented architect mind. He has to convince a variety of people that cannot visualize the totality of his idea. This may seems like an impossible task.
Sammy o HC is a simple monolithic cube .All cladded with LE glass. In the façade we created few red loggias reminiscent maybe of heart chambers. The glass is arranged like "barcode" and the monolith is framed with white thick glass.
The new building is connected to the old one via an atrium with flying red ramps.
Concepts for the use of colors: red & white to achieve a holistic design that improve the orientation in this 60,000 sqm big building
Cube was used as a starting point in the soroka maternity hospital. Subtraction was employed to separate the 2 entrances to the building. Atrium for guests separated from the entrance of the patients & staff. So guest will not interfere with the medical work inside the wards.
Rambam concept –we removed a piece of a cube, exposing the interior –and filling the void with 2 atriums. The lower atrium contains the entrances and has a coffee shop & a small theatre. The upper "chess" atrium is a stage with playing areas for the children. This red & white chess board is over looked by "theatre boxes" like colorful elements which are projected into the space.
We employ themes taken from nature so each floor becomes unique & familiar to the children. Forest, lack, field etc. colors, prints & furniture were employed in the hospitalization rooms, the day rooms in accordance with the themes. All this is visible from the 2 atriums.
Each theme has it’s own unique feel and experience. The changes in colors and in the images are designed to create a playful and theatrical environment for the children.
Can “Healing Interface Spaces” reduce anxiety amidst the “Medical Machine”?
Interfaces spaces are the gaps between the hospital machine & the users. This crack in the functional programs becomes an opportunity for the emersion of our imagination.
Sammy Ofer Heart building- has a public piazza paved with wooden deck and becomes an interface between the city & the building. The urban gallery is an internal interface between the street and the clinics inside the building. In this space we designed two amorphous figures: a coffee house & a small theatre.
In the interior of the building various interface spaces are created. Such as the connecting atrium with the floating ramps, the elegant lifts lobby with the waiting gallery overlooking the atrium space and the old building. In the ward the interface is a space for the nurses station and the dayroom which is a place for the patient to eat and meet.
Soroka maternity atrium was designed with floating galleries that were located intentionally outside the medical ward. This was done to prevent the visitors from interfering in the medical work.
So can a hospital be a joyful place?
This is a hard question because people experience pain & anxiety there.
But we can certainly help to reduce this negative experience. Colors are essential. They create joyful feelings and evoke memories of health & vitality.
The red bridges, are a joyful and memorable experience. Also the red glass lifts, colored tiles & choice of furniture. All these can contribute to create positive mood and improve their orientation in the buildings.
The integration of soft natural light is essential for creating a positive feel and mood.
Healing gardens are integrated to allow the patients a variety of natural plots, meeting areas, fresh air and silent contemplation places in nature.
The use of colors helps the orientation in the buildings.
Children are extremely frightened from visiting the hospital. So the integration of various vivid colors in the floor tiles, on the wall and on the nurses’ desk can help elevate their mood.
Our use of color in the children hospital in Assaf Harofe creates a friendly building both to the environment & to the users.
And can a hospital building become an urban icon with positive connotations like museums & libraries ?
We believe that hospitals become sexy, attractive & very challenging. An hospital architect maybe becomes a super architect –he should know how to design a good operating theatre or trauma unit but also to be a good artist with active imagination that allows him to get out of the box and challenge the client with amorphous parametric design like the entrance building in Soroka or the neurology centre in Tel Hashomer- a figurative piece with parametric solar elements. Both structures are iconic and memorable.
Icon like the heart centre is unique in Tel Aviv .And already has become a friendly part of the collective memory of the citizens.